Home > Breaking news > Japanese Doctor, Yoshinori Ohsumi, Wins Nobel Medicine Prize

Japanese Doctor, Yoshinori Ohsumi, Wins Nobel Medicine Prize

The 2016 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine goes to Yoshinori Ohsumi of Japan for discoveries about autophagy – how the body breaks down and recycles cellular components. Ohsumi’s work is important because it helps explain what goes wrong in a range of diseases, from cancer to Parkinson’s. He located the genes that regulate this “self eating” process. Errors in these genes can cause disease. Last year’s prize was shared by three scientists who developed treatments for malaria and other tropical diseases. *2015 – Three scientists – William C Campbell, Satoshi Ōmura and Youyou Tu – for anti-parasite drug discoveries. *2014 – Three scientists – John O’Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser – for discovering the brain’s navigating system. *2013 – James Rothman, Randy Schekman, and Thomas Sudhof for their discovery of how cells precisely transport material. *2012 – Two pioneers of stem cell research – John Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka – were awarded the Nobel after changing adult cells into stem cells. *2011 – Bruce Beutler, Jules Hoffmann and Ralph Steinman shared the prize after revolutionising the understanding of how the body fights infection. *2010 – Robert Edwards for devising the fertility treatment IVF which led to the first “test tube baby” in July 1978. *2009 – Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak for finding the telomeres at the ends of chromosomes.

About Editor

Otunba Sayo Akintola is a 1992 graduate of Linguistics from the University of Ibadan, Oyo State. He holds a post-graduate diploma in Financial Management and MBA from Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. He started his 12-year sojourn in journalism at the Nigerian Tribune in 1993 as Business and Economy reporter. He rose through the ranks to become the Group Business Editor of the nation’s oldest surviving private national newspaper, the Nigerian Tribune. He set up World Street Journal magazine in 2018.

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